The Story of the 14th Dalai Lama: Our Wish-Fulfilling Gem

The Story of the 14th Dalai Lama: Our Wish-Fulfilling Gem

It is common knowledge that prior to 1959, the little knowledge that the international community had about His Holiness the Dalai Lama was indirect, with less than a dozen westerners having had the opportunity to meet him and to write about the experience. Even an average Tibetan then could only hope to meet someone who may have been fortunate to get a glimpse of His Holiness from a distance. At best this glimpse may have been at a religious teaching or when His Holiness undertook his irregular travels in Tibet.

But in the post-1959 period, China’s invasion and occupation of Tibet, and the subsequent flight of His Holiness, the institution of the Dalai Lama underwent a dramatic transformation. The world, including those Tibetans who were able to flee Tibet, had access to His Holiness. Very many people have and continue to write about their experience of meeting him.  

Even during the covid pandemic period, people still had access to His Holiness through his online events.  “Our Wish-Fulfilling Gem” (Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, Dharamsala, 2022) by Chophel is a book that has come out during the Covid period and is a welcome addition to the plethora of materials available on His Holiness. I know the author and have had the opportunity of reading the manuscript, too, and can say that the book has something for everyone.

For the uninitiated, this book is a summary of the activities of His Holiness thus far. It summarizes His Holiness’ travels throughout the world till 2010. Obviously, His Holiness’ iconic memoir “My Land and My People” published in the 1960s was the first among the many books about him. Concerning its special meaning to the Tibetan people, the author says, “We treated it like the Bible and handled it with deep respect. I am referring to the Tibetan version which is still used as a textbook in all Tibetan schools. There are almost no Tibetans who have no knowledge about it. This classic book by the Tibetan supreme leader is one of the most heart-breaking documents ever published.”

Of the 16 chapters in the book, the first half deals with his life in Tibet and the rest with life in exile.  It highlights His Holiness’ early years and the trials and tribulations he had to face even before completing his teenage years, primarily due to the threats posed by the Chinese Government. But His Holiness was not one to lose his focus as a student of Buddhism or a political leader even under such a situation. As the author says, “Despite political misfortunes and toxic atmosphere, he remained in touch with his religious studies, which was still his greatest interest.” Similarly, in dealing with the Chinese government, he had to take decisions that would be difficult to any individual and more so to a spiritual personality.  The book says this about the situation then, “As the Dalai Lama was the only possible peacemaker, much depended on his balancing act. He even went to the extent of appeasing the Chinese to prevent a totally disastrous clash between his unarmed people and the Chinese army.”

Life in exile enabled His Holiness to have interaction with the outside world, beyond China and India. mainly through his visits throughout the world. As the author says, “The Dalai Lama had two roles in his international travels: as a Buddhist spiritual leader and as the political leader. Like the Buddha he never claimed divinity. He describes himself as “a simple Buddhist monk”.”

His Holiness’s views, whether on religious philosophy or well-being of humanity as a whole resonated positively wherever he went. “The Dalai Lama’s warmth and wisdom endeared him to political and religious leaders of several countries, affording him the opportunity to raise awareness and drum up support for Tibet on a global scale,” the book says.

The author had the younger generation of Tibetans as his main audience for the book. Therefore, he devotes sections on the relationship between His Holiness and the Tibetan people. “The Dalai Lama and the Tibetan people are like two sides of the same coin. He is the head and we are the tails,” the author says.

The book talks about the farsighted vision of His Holiness to undertake initiatives and establish institutions in exile that have empowered the Tibetan people to preserve and promote their religion, culture, identity, and way of life even while carrying out the struggle for a resolution to the Tibetan issue. It highlights his steadfast commitment to keeping the Tibetan struggle nonviolent in the face of tremendous challenges. It explains the devolution of his political authority in 2011 and developments thereafter. “The graceful and dignified political exit of His Holiness the Dalai Lama led to the end of a four-century -old  tradition,” the author says.

Although His Holiness has relinquished his political role, his relevance to the world and more so to the Tibetan people continues. This book, for one, reinforces that and I commend it to all.


What is in a name for the Tibetans ? Not much now, it seems

Bhuchung K. Tsering

Traditionally, Tibetans and people of the Himalayan region who share a common cultural heritage, have come up with names for the children that have symbolic meanings. The names would either be secured from one’s lama or given by the parents themselves. If received from one’s lama, the names could be requested while the child is still in the womb (ཁོག་མིང་། khogming, womb name), which would be followed by a family discussion on the gender as can be ascertained from the name with the belief in the lama’s prescience. Obviosuly, the lamas were giving names that could be applicable to both the genders. Names received from the lamas after the birth of a child were straight forward ones.

For us, certain names are only applicable to males while some others only to females. My first name Bhuchung (“little boy”) or Gyalpo (“King”) can be no other than a male while a name like Chodon (“Dharmic. Lamp”). Youdon (“turquoise lamp”) or Yangzom (“endowed with melody”) are bound to be female. But interestingly, certain names have implications on the gender if used as the last name. As a case in point, Dorjee (“Vajra”) or Dhondup (“wish fulfilling”) used as a first name can be gender neutral, but as a last name has been conventionally used for males only. Similarly, Pema (“Lotus”) as a first name is neutral but as a last name would usually be female.

However, after changes in the society after the Tibetan people were exposed to the outside culture in the post-1959 period, the names have started taking a different direction. This was particularly seen in the adoption of the husband’s name by the wife. Traditionally, those with family name had the wife and the child assume these. But as not all Tibetans have family names, a trend has started where the wife and the children have started using the last name of the husband irrespective of its traditional gender connotation.

Today, if we merely see a name with the last name Khedup (“Learned practitioner”) or Dorjee we cannot assume that the individual is a male.

On the first day of Christmas, I watched a Sikkimese Bhutia film


On the first day of Christmas, I watched a Sikkimese Bhutia film

By Bhuchung K. Tsering

I spent Christmas Day 2019 watching a movie from Sikkim called “Bya-Kay, birth ceremony”which is slated to be the “first ever Sikkimese Bhutia feature film”.  The Bhutias are a community in Sikkim of Tibetan ancestry and considered one of the two indigenous people of Sikkim along with the Lepchas.

The film, released in 2017, is produced and directed by Bhaichung Tsichudarpa (who also is listed as the singer). The actors are students and lecturers in the Bhutia Department of Sikkim University.  Although the cast is listed at the beginning of the film their characters are not identified and thus one is not sure who played what role. Continue reading “On the first day of Christmas, I watched a Sikkimese Bhutia film”

History of Tibet and why India matters to Tibetans

History of Tibet and why India matters to Tibetans

Bhuchung K. Tsering

The 15th of August is coming up, which is a big deal for India. It is the anniversary of Indian Independence Day and is an opportunity for the people of India to recall the value of their freedom, after achieving independence from British rule. What better time then to talk about a new book that I have just finished reading that talks about India’s support to Tibetans.

Chophel book

I have double pleasure in writing about this book, not just because of its content, but also because its author is someone that I have had the privilege of knowing. The book is We Simply Adore India by Chöphel (Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, 2019, Indian Rs. 398, ISBN: 978-93-87023-58-1). I don’t know whether the umlaut on his name in the book is something done at the discretion of the publishers or whether the author himself wanted it as I knew the name without it. In any case, we were together for some years in Delhi University (he was senior to us) and subsequently while he served as a teacher at the Tibetan Children’s Village in Dharamsala (and I served in the Central Tibetan Administration).

At the onset, although I linked this review to India’s Independence Day, I want to say that its title is a misnomer. The title makes one assume that the book is merely about a community’s adoration of India. It is more than a story about how “We” Tibetans adore India. Rather the slim book (less than 135 pages) has three subjects: 1) a concise modern history of Tibet; 2) history of India-Tibet relations, particularly India’s support to Tibet; and 3) the personal story of the writer. Continue reading “History of Tibet and why India matters to Tibetans”

A Tibetan’s tale of yearning and identity


tendar book


A Tibetan’s tale of yearning and identity

By Bhuchung K. Tsering

Among the books that I purchased during this holiday period was “Two More Years” by Tendar Tsering (2017) Paperback Price: $6.99.

A positive development in the Tibetan diaspora since the dawn of the 21st century is that there are more writings in English by younger Tibetans. Prior to that period one might be able to name only around half a dozen or so Tibetans who could be seen doing so. There were Tibetans who worked in the field of journalism, whether within the Tibetan community or in the broader society, but that seemed more to be a profession than  life’s calling.

Among the latter-day writers is Tendar Tsering. I met him only in recent years, after he had immigrated to the United States (which is where his memoir ends), but have seen his writings for some time before that.

This is a story of a quest for identity and a sense of belonging. It begins with the author’s upbringing in rural Tibet and his experience, even at a young age, of something lacking in his life, compared to how the Chinese people were. What does it mean to be a Tibetan? What is the bond between a Tibetan in Tibet and His Holiness the Dalai Lama? This leads him to leave Tibet for education in India and his travail (along with his fellow escapees) along the way is heartbreaking.

His memoir is a tale of pleasure and pain, and reflects the feeling of angst that is prevalent in the Tibetan diaspora community. The emotional pain comes out in different ways throughout the book. Even as he rejoices in being able to escape to India for his education and being embraced by the Tibetan institutions in exile, he also draws attention to the drawbacks, including in matters like living facilities at the Tibetan Reception Center as well as the Tibetan Children’s Villages School in Dharamsala.

All along the refrain is of yearning, for a homeland by him and by his parents wanting to see their child. Even the title of the book is from a response he gave to his parents back in Tibet (during one of his telephonic conversation with them while in India) when he was asked when he would be returning.

The memoir is somewhat short and so enables a quick reading for anyone. It touches on quite few aspects and I would have wished the author could have provided more explanation for some of them. Also, there are areas where I thought it would have helped in making the thoughts compact.

But the book is a sincere attempt by a young Tibetan, who was born in Tibet under China, got his education in India and is now settled in the US, to try to understand his own situation.

The book is self-published and has a simple layout and is available on Amazon  and Barnes and Noble.


Can the Dalai Lama be in two different countries at the same time?

When I was working as the editor of Tibetan Bulletin in Dharamsala many years back, one of the things I enjoyed doing was writing a column, which I named “Last Page”. I used the column to focus on human-interest stories with a Tibetan twist.

Here is something that I wrote in 1994. If read in the context of our belief in the supernatural abilities of enlightened beings like His Holiness the Dalai Lama, you will get to appreciate it even more.

As a postscript, some time after this column appeared, I heard from a friend that some elderly Tibetans had heard about this story and they did not have any doubt about it happening.

The omnipresent Dalai Lama

by Bhuchung K. Tsering

Tibetan Bulletin, July 1994

This item comes without being discourteous to His Holiness the Dalai Lama. What would you say, if I told you His Holiness recently displayed his omnipresence by manifesting himself physically in two different places at the same time. Followers of Tibetan Buddhism would, without hesitation, say that this is possible given our belief in the divine power of His Holiness. In fact, we generally believe that beings like His Holiness, who have reached a certain spiritual level, can manifest themselves in as many places as they so desire. Doubtful Thomases may, however, say, “But this can’t be possible.” Yet, such an event really took place, and an Indian ambassador and a governor of an American state can testify to this fact.

After reading this story, even a confirmed atheist or a diehard rationalist will have to accept the fact that the incident indeed happened. The historic date for this phenomenon was April 14, 1994. In the afternoon of that day, while His Holiness was meeting with an Indian ambassador in one part of the world, he was also having tea around the same time with a governor of an American state in another part of the world.

Confusing, isn’t it? Well, if you still do not believe me, then check the tour programmes released by our offices in Tokyo and New York, because the incident took place during His Holiness’s tour of Japan and the United States in May this year (discerning readers would have noticed this in our report on His Holiness’s visits in our May-June issue). If you go by the programme of the Liaison Office of H.H. the Dalai Lama in Tokyo, His Holiness definitely received Indian Ambassador (to Japan) Prakash Shah at his hotel suite in Tokyo in the afternoon of April 14, 1994. But then, if you see the tour programme released by our Office of Tibet in New York, His Holiness definitely met Governor John Waihee of Hawaii at his official residence in Honolulu in the same afternoon. So, either His Holiness was in both the places at the same time (in which case you will have to indulge in what in literature is called “willing suspension of disbelief”) or else one of our offices is indulging in falsehood. Where lies the truth? Call Ambassador Shah or Governor Waihee to verify the facts! Confusing, isn’t it?

The truth, however, is simple. His Holiness was definitely in both Tokyo and Honolulu in the afternoon of April 14, 1994. But this something called the

International Dateline made all the difference. His Holiness was in Tokyo, meeting the Indian ambassador, among others, on April 14, 1994. He left the same evening (Tokyo time) for Honolulu. However, because he was flying in the easterly direction, he was able to gain an extra day after crossing the 180th meridian, i.e. the above-mentioned line. Thus, he reached Honolulu on the morning of April 14, 1994 (Hawaii time), in the process going a bit back to the past, as one would say. This enabled him to meet with the Governor of Hawaii, among others, in the same afternoon. Got it?

Imagine how a simple-minded Tibetan in a remote village in Tibet would react if he hears about His Holiness being in two different places at the same time? I would love to see his face.

By the way, the officer who maintains the appointment diary of His Holiness may need to order customised diaries in future which contain additional pages of certain dates to fill the necessity posed by events like the one mentioned in this item.

Now I know (or am closer to knowing) why Saturday is “Sunday” in Bhutan!

Now I know (or am closer to knowing) why Saturday is “Sunday” in Bhutan!

Bhuchung K. Tsering

Some time back I wrote about the tradition of names of days in Bhutan and how they differed from us the Tibetans. I was somewhat in the dark about why the Bhutanese tradition called Saturday as Nyima(ཉི་མ་), which is the term that we use for Sunday.

Just today the issue came up again in twitter discussions that I have had with Twitter friends, one from Bhutan and the other a scholar on Bhutan and Tibet (I am not using their names here as I have not sought their permission to do so, but you are welcome to look at my twitter @bhuchungtsering timeline to follow the discussion).   The scholar enlightened me that the current Bhutanese calendar tradition was established by a monk scholar Lhawang Lodoe (ལྷ་དབང་བློ་གྲོས་).

I followed that lead and indeed that seems to be so. Lhawang Lodoe lived in Tibet in the 16th century and was an expert in the sciences of knowledge, including astrology, particularly the Kalachakra tradition. In 1586 he is said to have composed a treaties on astrology. Subsequently, he went from Tibet to Bhutan becoming a tutor to Zhabdrung Rinpoche. In his History of Bhutan, Karma Phuntsho while not giving the reasons behind the changes, says (on pages 222-223), “Zhabdrung also requested his master Lhawang Lodoe to compose astrological commentaries based on the interpretations of the famous Pema Karpo. Lhawang Lodoe’s writings on astrology later became the main source for the unique Bhutanese calendrical system, of which one distinct feature is the calculation of a day twenty-four hours earlier than in other systems. So, it is Monday associated with the moon in Bhutan while it is Sunday int the rest of the world.”
Continue reading “Now I know (or am closer to knowing) why Saturday is “Sunday” in Bhutan!”

Why do Tibetan doctors get drunk when preparing certain medicinal pills?

By Bhuchung K. Tsering

This is the first personal blog posting that I am doing in 2017. Developments in the US of A, including the atmosphere pre and post presidential elections of 2016, somehow made me want to stay away from writing.

In any case, I had the sudden urge to resume posting on my blog. This led me into recalling why I put my thoughts into words. I grew up and studied in India and the little practice in writing that I have had has been acquired while working for the Indian Express newspaper and subsequently for the Tibetan leadership’s official journal, Tibetan Bulletin. I have also had the pleasure of getting rejection slips from various newspapers as also having my pieces published in publications like Hindustan Times, Deccan Herald and Himal South Asia. The academic journal, The Tibet Journal of the Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, has printed some of my writings and book reviews while the Tibetan Review has provided me a forum, including a regular column for some years.

Although straight news reporting has been the focus of my professional time when I was working as a journalist, personally I am more drawn towards human-interest issues. I like to look at the lighter side of life, find humor in situations and and take note of those behind the scene happenings or idiosyncrasies that make life colorful. For example, what could that lady be doing every day as she walked along the road next to my college hostel, putting something on top of the wall at regular interval? Why do Tibetan medical doctors virtually get drunk while preparing a particular “precious pill”? Or, where is the spiritual logic when some attendants in a monastery or a temple pour out and replace a butter lamp (the oil for which was duly paid for by a devotee) the moment another devotee comes wanting to make such a lamp offering? Or, imagine my chagrin when lining up to get the autograph of Salman Rushdie for his book Midnight’s Children, and I had what was obviously a pirated copy (as most novels that college-students of those days could afford were).
Continue reading “Why do Tibetan doctors get drunk when preparing certain medicinal pills?”

On the Great Significance of the Dalai Lama’s latest visit to Mongolia

(from my posting on the blogsite of the International Campaign for Tibet)

Mongolian Buddhists

One of the outcomes regarding the Dalai Lama in the post-1959 period is the clarity that has emerged about the nature of his followers. The conventional thinking about the Dalai Lama being merely the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people has changed. He has not only gained thousands of followers in both the Eastern and Western world, but more importantly the traditional followers of Tibetan Buddhism outside of Tibet, along the Himalayan region as well as in Mongolia and present-day Russian Federation, have become more visible.

This can be clearly seen at the very many teachings that the Dalai Lama has been giving in India and elsewhere, particularly in Bodh Gaya, where we see an intermingling of Bhutanese, Monpas, Sherpas, Sikkimese, Ladakhis, Mongols, and more.

His Holiness has spent the past several decades spreading his message urging traditional Buddhists to become modern; to devote more of their attention to the all-round study of Buddhism and not merely be consumed by the ritualistic aspect of it. He also feels modern Buddhists should be able to utilize the knowledge of Buddhist science to interact with modern science.

Ladakhi Buddhists

His Holiness had the same messages during his four day visit to Mongolia.In adding to giving Buddhist teachings, the Dalai Lama also participated in a Buddhist and Science conference in Ulaan Baatar, the capital of Mongolia. During this conference, he said: “Buddhist scholars and practitioners have benefited from learning about physics, while modern scientists have shown a keen interest in learning more about what Buddhism has to say about the workings of the mind and emotions.”

His Holiness also mentioned his pleasure in the conference being held for the benefit of the Mongolian Buddhist community. Among speakers at the conference were Helen Y. Wang, a neuroscientist and a clinical psychologist at the University of California, San Francisco, spoke about Contemplative Neuroscience and Socially Engaged Buddhism; B. Boldsaikhan from the Mongolian University of Science and Technology who spoke about medicine and logic; K. Namsrai, a senior scholar in physics, who talked about relations between Quantum Physics and Buddhist philosophy; and Dr. Fadel Zeidan, Associate Director of Neuroscience at Wake Forest School of Medicine in North Carolina, spoke about the Neuroscience of Mindfulness, Meditation and Pain.

In general the Dalai Lama visiting Mongolia should not be a surprise, considering the nature of country and its people. The Mongolian people have had a special historical connection with the Dalai Lama. Many are followers of Tibetan Buddhism, and their devotion to His Holiness was clearly visible during this visit. Some people traveled hundreds of miles in the current harsh wintry climate merely to have a glimpse of a spiritual leader they revere. In fact, there were even Buddhists from neighboring Russian Federation, who after hearing about His Holiness’ visit at short notice, made arrangements to be able to participate in the teachings. A New York Times report on November 19 described two such individuals: Daritseren, 73, an ethnic Mongolian from Russian Siberia, who had heard only on Friday (November 18) that the Dalai Lama was visiting Mongolia. “She traveled with 40 other people for 15 hours overnight to make it just in time for the sermon,” it said. Another individual, Boldbaatar, 75, a herder, had traveled 125 miles. “I’m an old man,” the New York Times quotes him as saying. “Maybe I’m seeing His Holiness, the incarnation of Lord Buddha, for the last time,” he added.

However, China has for long been misunderstanding the person of the Dalai Lama, considering him a problem rather than a solution, and has been using economic clout to prevent countries from welcoming him. In fact, many countries far bigger than Mongolia have succumbed to Chinese pressure. The fact that Mongolia did not do so is a testimony to its leaders’ ability to uphold their principles and traditional values. The Mongolian government did not let this undue pressures from China get in the way of enabling Mongolian Buddhists to receive His Holiness’ teachings. Reactions in the Mongolian media that I monitored clearly regard this development positively. I hope such developments will even lead to a time when Chinese Buddhists in China, too, can avail themselves of the wisdom imparted by His Holiness, just as the Mongolians were able to do this time.

Game 7 of the World Series and November 8

Game 7 of the World Series and November 8

Bhuchung K. Tsering

On November 2, 2016, I watched the Chicago Cubs play against the Cleveland Indians in Game 7, the final game, of the baseball World Series.

cubs electionsA World Series in itself is a matter of excitement. But this time, as the TV’s tagline said, “History will be made.” Thus, given the stakes, there was even more excitement. Talking about the atmosphere in the field just before the game, I hear the commentator say, “there is also tension here”.

These days there is tension in another upcoming competition that is in the minds of all of us. It will also create history no matter who wins. Will she? Wont she?

In the first inning itself, the Cubs score a home run, and the fans go wild.

The game proceeds and in the third inning, as the Indians score a home run and tied the Cubs 1:1, I hear the commentator say, “The state of the game may be hanging in balance here”.

Indeed, in the past few days there are some who have started to wonder whether the competition is hanging in balance. I still think it is a surefire thing, but there is this that little bit of doubt.

In the fourth inning, the Cubs lead 2:1 after one of the Cleveland players has a brief moment of hesitation before throwing the ball. But that was enough for the Cubs runner to finish a home run. “Just a tiny hesitation is all it takes,” I hear the commentator say.

Will there be collective hesitation on November 8, I wonder?

The Cubs get another home run in the same fourth inning and the score is 3:1. I hear the crowd becoming noisy.

In the fifth inning, the Cubs get another home run and now they lead 4:1.

Meanwhile, the commentator refers to a clip that showed David Ross, catcher for the Chicago Cubs, adding, “That clip shows how much these young guys gravitate towards David Ross.”

I wonder whether the “young guys” will similarly gravitate towards her? Everyone is talking about the millennials being a critical factor in this year’s competition.

The fifth inning ends for the Cubs with another home run and they lead 5:1.

As a new pitcher comes for the Cubs in the Indians’ fifth inning, the commentator says, “We have got a little bit of the unknown”.

In fact, these days we are wondering about the “unknown”. Would there be more surprises? Would the surprises that have surfaced have an impact on the outcome?

But the Indians score two home runs in the fifth inning to make the score 5:3. “The game has changed that quickly,” says the commentator.

That is what we are concerned about. Could the game indeed change quickly? Would we be faced with a situation that will have great impact on the future of this country?

It is the sixth inning and the Cubs score another home run. It is now 6:3.

There is a break between innings and I flip channels. There is a commercial by the competition. Looks like both the campaigns are sensing the tight race and so are flooding the channels with commercials. I wonder about the number of people who are still undecided and what the impact of the commercials, or the surprises, will be on them.

There is nothing to report about the seventh inning. As the eighth inning begins, the commentator talks about the two teams’ development this year by saying, “It has been a wild ride for both of these teams”.

“Wild” actually is also an apt description of the campaigns that we have witnessed during this cycle. Things even went to the extent of hitting the very foundation of the system. But how would things turn out ultimately?

As the eighth inning began, the Indians scored a run making it 6:4 now. Would they catch up with the Cubs with just one more inning? But the game was going way beyond my bedtime and so I decided to retire for the night, taking with me a bit of suspense of the final outcome.

The news media report of different polls that indicate that the two are running neck-and-neck is some states; that he has slight lead in some others; that she is leading in most states. But the suspense is there about the final outcome.

In the morning as soon as I woke up, I switched on the transistor radio beside the bed, as I usually do, to listen to the news on NPR. On the hour, the news began, but NPR decided to prolong my suspense by headlining the broadcast with other news, including yet another death of American soldiers in Afghanistan.

But then came the news: the Indians had tied in the eighth inning 6:6 and in an extended 10th inning (because of rain delay), the Cubs had won 8:7. So the outcome is finally there although it was a nail-biting finish. History has been made.

Would we have to look for a similar outcome on November 8? I keep my fingers crossed.